- Measles at a glance
What is measles?
Measles is an acute, highly contagious infectious disease caused by a virus. People who have not had the measles and have not received the measles vaccine are at risk. Measles can be a very serious disease, and can result in ear infections, pneumonia and in some instances death.
How is measles spread?
Infection usually occurs by direct contact with droplets from an infected person or by breathing in droplets projected into the air by a person with measles infection. Persons are contagious usually four days before the onset of the rash to four days after the appearance of rash.
What are the symptoms of measles?
- Fever (101 degrees or higher) three to four days before appearance of a raised red rash.
- Generally, the rash appears 14 days after exposure to the measles virus.
- The rash usually starts at the hairline, then involves the face and upper neck and spreads to the trunk and extremities.
- Rash typically lasts four to seven days.
- Watery, red, eyes and increased sensitivity to light.
- Runny nose.
How is measles treated?
Treatment of measles is symptomatic. See a physician for treatment of measles symptoms that may include recommendations to:
- Relieve itching
- Control fever
- Maintain rest
- Protect eyes from strong or direct light Encourage fluid intake
How can measles be prevented?
Measles is a vaccine-preventable disease. Check with your health care provider to make sure you and your child have been vaccinated.
Two doses of measles vaccine combined with mumps and rubella (MMR) are recommended. The first dose is recommended at 12 to 15 months of age, and the second at school entry, 4 to 6 years of age.
In California, all children entering school must have two doses of MMR vaccine given at the recommended intervals. Unvaccinated children entering school can receive the doses of MMR vaccine one month (30 days) apart to meet this requirement.
Unvaccinated people who have contact with a measles case should be immunized with MMR within 72 hours of exposure, since the vaccine may provide protection.
Immune globulin may provide short term protection for at risk contacts for whom the risk of complications of measles is very high, such as people with compromised immune systems, pregnant women and infants under one year of age.
A child diagnosed with measles should stay home from school for at least four days after the appearance of the rash.
— Source: San Joaquin County Public Health Services
Posted: Friday, May 2, 2014 3:59 pm
San Joaquin County Public Health Officer Dr. Alvaro Garza announced Friday that the first case of measles in the county has been reported this year.
The health department did not identify where the affected resident lives, but said he or she is a young child who was exposed through international travel.
Contact Jennifer Bonnett at 209-369-7035 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Friday, May 2, 2014 3:59 pm.