- A brief history of DNA
1980: Ray White, an American geneticist at the University of Utah, identifies regions of DNA that did not code for proteins but were highly variable between individuals.
1985: Professor Alec Jeffreys creates technology which could be used to develop patterns of restricted DNA that were more or less specific to an individual.
1988: The FBI starts DNA casework
1998: FBI launches CODIS database, which manages the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) and the National DNA Index System (NDIS) and is responsible for developing, providing and supporting the CODIS Program to federal, state and local crime laboratories in the United States and selected international law enforcement crime laboratories to foster the exchange and comparison of forensic DNA evidence from violent crime investigations. The CODIS Unit also provides administrative management and support to the FBI for various advisory boards, Department of Justice grant programs and legislation regarding DNA.
— Source: Kimberly Podlas, assistant professor of Media Law at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro
Posted: Sunday, March 18, 2012 1:19 am
Two tests are used to help identify individuals through DNA analysis, according to John Tonkyn, criminalist supervisor with the Department of Justice’s lab in Richmond, Calif.
The first test criminalists used is a test all DNA labs across the country conduct.
Sunday, March 18, 2012 1:19 am.